Concerned over GM-crops?
Posted in Seeking by Virginia on March 17th, 2009
Concerns about Genetically Manipulated (GM) crops and foods must be framed by a broader context. In 2009, Gene Ethics and an Alliance of GM-free groups will discuss the many strands of thought and action on how agriculture can be made sustainable for this and future generations, giving all people secure access to affordable and nutritious local foods.
Please have your say here:
A small sample of contemporary writings on these key topics follows, to begin:
‘Free markets haven’t delivered on food and won’t
By Adam Wolfenden
With the food, environment, water and global economic crises it’s hard to think of an area vital to our lives in which free market theory hasn’t failed us. The future of food must be considered afresh, not just a repetition of the same old ideas.
Trade Minister Simon Crean and head of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) Pascal Lamy outline their views on the future of agriculture in Australia and the world. No doubt these two champions of free trade will once again propose “free markets” as a solution to the problems currently facing food supplies and the environment.
Both are badly out of touch.
They only have to look back over the past seven months to see that the world is no longer with them. The collapse of the WTO talks in July last year was over an issue of food security. India and China refused to accept a deal drafted by Mr Lamy and supported by Mr Crean that would condemn millions of farmers in developing countries to higher risk of import surges wiping them out.
At the WTO, developing countries have been demanding the right to be able to protect the food stuffs that are vital to their food security. This has largely been ignored by rich countries and the WTO. Instead they are being asked to accept agricultural safeguard mechanisms that are more watered down than those granted to the heavily subsidising rich countries. What government would agree to that?
Yet today we’ll once again hear that what’s needed is “more free trade, not less”. According to Mr Lamy, concluding the latest WTO round would lead to “less distortion in world markets Å leading to more rapid and efficient adjustment by supply to changes in demand”. Trade Minister Simon Crean has also supported this idea stating that “attempts to self-sufficiency and a retreat into protectionism would only make things worse”. While trade can play a role in addressing food security, it can only play this role if it doesn’t undermine local capacities to produce.
Fifteen years of free market policies have eroded the capacities of developing countries to provide for their own food security. Instead the promises of more and cheaper foods that would come with free trade have forced many local producers out of business and brought increased vulnerability to fluctuating food prices and under-priced imports. The impacts of these broken promises aren’t pretty. Last year saw protests and riots in over 30 countries about food prices. Globally, one in six people are undernourished. If we talk about global crises it doesn’t get much bigger than this.
While food prices may have fallen from their all time highs during last year, the Food and Agriculture organisation has insisted that this is a “false sense of security”. The economic crisis will impact the planting forecasts for farmers. The tightening access to credit and high input costs will see a contraction in world food supplies. A reliance on free trade is no good if there are fewer crops to be traded.
The recent report from the International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for
Development (IAASTD) has backed up the case against further liberalising the current trade regime.
To read further, go to http://www.onlineopinion.com.au/view.asp.article=843